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    Tiananmen Square

    Introduction details£º

    Tian’anmen square, one of the largest civilian squares in the world, covers an area of 440,000 square meters. That’s 500 meters from east to west, and nearly 900 meters from north to south. It has witnessed numerous historical episodes in modern Chinese history. It is a must-see for visitors to Beijing.

    The Tiananmen Rostrum is the majestic structure that sits at the northern end of the square, facing south. Its stature and positioning represent authority and power. The Rostrum was first built in the early 15th century and in the mid 17th century it became known as the Tiananmen, or Gate of Heavenly Peace. It was on this building that Chairman Mao proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1st, 1949.

    On the eastern side of the square sits the National Museum of China. It combines two previous museums: the Museum of the Chinese Revolution and the Museum of Chinese History, built in the 1950s. Important relics displayed here include ancient artifacts, as well as more contemporary pieces.

    Opposite the Tiananmen Rostrum on the southern edge of the square is the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall. It was built in 1977, soon after the great leader passed away. Every day thousands of people line up to pay their respect to the embalmed body of Chairman Mao and reflect on the legacy he left behind.

    On the western edge of the Square stands the Great Hall of the People. China holds its National People’s Congress, the top legislature, and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the top political advisary body, here every year.

    The National Flag Pole is in the middle of the square, where the Chinese National Flag is hoisted everyday at sunrise, and lowered at sunset. These ceremonies are watched daily by hundreds of people.

    Finally, a little further south to the flag pole, stands the towering Monument to the People’s Heroes. Erected in April 1958, this Monument pays tribute to all those who sacrificed their lives for the liberation of China, from the first opium war in 1840 up till the founding of the People’s Republic in 1949. It took eight years to build, taking inspiration from ideas contributed by people from all walks of life.

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